Category Archives: Navigation

Navigation: Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast

Today, we’re featuring an excerpt from The Pilot’s Manual: Instrument Flying (PM-3D). Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) is a surveillance technology being deployed throughout the entire National Airspace System. ADS-B enables improved surveillance services, both air-to-air and air-to-ground, especially in areas where radar is ineffective due to terrain or where radar is impractical or cost prohibitive. […]

CFI Brief: The Instrument Approach Procedure Chart

On Monday, we learned about the Instrument Landing System and it’s components. Today, I would like to further our discussion and talk about Instrument Approach Procedure Charts. These charts are what depict to pilots how to fly a particular approach into an airport. Many instrument approaches will require the use of an ILS or it’s […]

Navigation: Basic Radio Principles

A radio wave is an electromagnetic (EM) wave with frequency characteristics that make it useful. The wave travels long distances through space (in or out of the atmosphere) without losing too much strength. An antenna is used to convert electric current into a radio wave so it can travel through space to the receiving antenna, […]

CFI Brief: Chart Supplement U.S.

Earlier in 2016, the FAA renamed the Airport/Facility Directory (A/FD) to “Chart Supplement U.S.” The FAA made this change to bring the publication in line with specifications under the Interagency Air Cartographic Committee (IACC). Not all that important why it was done; what is important is the fact that the name has changed. The information […]

Navigation: Chart-Reading in Flight

Chapter 26, “En Route Navigation,” of the new fourth edition of The Pilot’s Manual Volume 2: Ground School focuses on how to go about the business being an effective pilot/navigator  with minimum interruption of safely flying the airplane. The components of successful pilot/navigation are: flight planning; chart-reading (also known as pilotage) which means determining your […]

Navigation: The Effect of Wind

As you know by now, wind is a mass of air moving over the surface of the Earth in a definite direction. When the wind is blowing from the north at 25 knots, it simply means that air is moving southward at a rate of 25 NM in one hour. Under these conditions, any inert […]

CFI Brief: Basic Planning Calculations

It is a pilot’s responsibility prior to every flight to calculate time, speed, distance, and fuel required for that particular flight. As a pilot, you will have access to onboard systems, and tools like the CX-2 Flight Computer or E6-B that can assist in these types of calculations (check out our video tutorials on how […]

CFI Brief: Checking the accuracy of your VOR

14 CFR 91.171, “VOR Equipment check for IFR Operations”—a friendly reminder on this week’s Learn to Fly Blog to check the accuracy of your VOR equipment per §91.171! Sometimes in the excitement of getting wheels up and on to your destination a VOR accuracy check can often be overlooked. Even if you plan on operating on […]

Navigation: Automatic Direction Finder

This Thursday, we’ll pick up where we left off with flight planning last week, but today we have a post on another cockpit navigation aid: the automatic direction finder (ADF). This post is excerpted from the Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge. Many general aviation-type aircraft are equipped with ADF radio receiving equipment. To navigate using […]

CFI Brief: Off-Course Correction

The fundamentals of visual navigation include two main methods as discussed in Monday’s post, pilotage and dead reckoning, each of which should be used in conjunction with the other. Whether flying by means of visual navigation or even by reference to instruments like a VOR it is possible to find yourself in an off-course situation. […]

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