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Category Archives: Ground School

CFI Brief: February 2018 Test Roll

The FAA February test cycle resulted in few changes or updates to the FAA Airman Knowledge Tests. The FAA Aviation Exam Board continues to work to align questions within the context of a specific Area of Operation/Task as outlined in the various Airman Certification Standards publications. The goal of this boarding process is to ensure […]

Procedures and Airport Operations: Short-Field Approach and Landing

Short-field approaches and landings require the use of procedures for approaches and landings at fields with a relatively short landing area or where an approach is made over obstacles that limit the available landing area.  Short-field operations require the pilot fly the airplane at one of its crucial performance capabilities while close to the ground […]

Procedures and Airport Operations: Night Flight Approaches and Landings

The mechanical operation of an airplane at night is no different than operating the same airplane during the day. The pilot, however, is affected by various aspects of night operations and must take them into consideration during night flight operations. Some are actual physical limitations affecting all pilots while others, such as equipment requirements, procedures, […]

CFI Brief: Aviation Weather Services (AC 00-45H) – UPDATE

The FAA has issued a Change 1 to Advisory Circular AC 00-45H effective January 8th 2018. AC 00-45, more commonly referred as Aviation Weather Services, is the go-to resource for U.S. aviation weather products and services. This document is organized using the FAA’s three distinct types of aviation weather information: observations, analyses, and forecasts. This […]

Ground Reference Maneuvers: Rectangular Course

A pilot must develop the proper coordination, timing, and attention to accurately and safely maneuver the airplane with regard to the required attitudes and ground references. Ground reference maneuvers are the principle flight maneuvers that combine the four fundamentals (straight-and-level, turns, climbs, and descents) into a set of integrated skills that the pilot uses in […]

CFI Brief: Icing

Ice sucks, unless of course you are a hockey player, figure skater, or just want a nice, cold, tasty beverage. But in terms of aviation, ice sucks. In general, icing is any deposit of ice forming on an object. In aviation icing is considered to be one of the major weather hazards affecting flight. We […]

Weather: Fronts

Today, we’re featuring an excerpt from Bob Gardner’s The Complete Private Pilot. A weather front exists where air masses with different properties meet. The terms “warm” and “cold” are relative: 30°F air is warmer than 10°F air, but that “warm” air doesn’t call for bathing suits. Cold air is more dense than warm air, so […]

Aircraft Systems: Fuel Injection Systems

Today we’re featuring an excerpt from The Pilot’s Manual: Ground School (PM-2C). Many sophisticated engines have fuel directly metered into the induction manifold and then into the cylinders without using a carburetor. This is known as fuel injection. A venturi system is still used to create the pressure differential. This is coupled to a fuel […]

CFI Brief: How does a Propeller Work?

The propeller is a rotating airfoil which produces thrust by creating a positive dynamic pressure, usually on the engine side. Some exceptions include the Piaggio Avanti, shown below which uses propellers mounted in what’s often referred to as the pusher configuration. When a propeller rotates, the tips travel at a greater speed than the hub. […]

Aircraft Systems: Propeller Principles

The propeller, the unit which must absorb the power output of the engine, has passed through many stages of development. Today we’ll feature an excerpt introducing the general concepts of a propeller from our recently released book Aircraft Systems for Pilots. Propeller Principles The aircraft propeller consists of two or more blades and a central […]

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